Fourth Report on Recent Developments in Welfare and Social Security
According to the Public Relations Department of the Institute of Social Security Research, the fourth report about recent social welfare developments in Pakistan, Egypt, Georgia and new reports by the ILO and the OECD entitled "French yellow vest for a social security movement", was published by the Institute's polling team.
The report covers three major areas of social welfare developments. In the first part of the report, the first issue, entitled "The ILO's New Report, Do Not Make Private Pensions funds because it will be failed,” and reviews the detailed research report of international labor organization (ILO) about the results of the privatization of pension and retirement funds in the world.
According to the report, from 1981 to 2014, more than thirty countries around the world have generally or partially privatized their retirement pension funds. But due to the terrible outcomes of the privatization policy on retirement funds, the collapse of the balance of incomes and outflows of pensions and the failure of these policies, in 2018, about eighteen countries from this set of thirty countries revised the privatization policy to reinstate them to the public sector.
The report recommends that to preventing a social and political crisis and crisis in the funds not only the privatization of these funds be prevented, but if privatized somewhere in the fund, it strongly encourages governments to return them as soon as possible to the public sector and the state and Preventing. The report examines in great details the experience of various countries in privatizing, and concludes that there is not even a successful experience or example in terms of privatizing pension funds around the world.
The second issue, entitled "The Future of Social Protection in the New OECD Research:
The Necessity of Social Protection of Emerging Workers," examines and presents the results of this research. The report focuses on the status of social protection in most countries of the world, in particular the member states of this organization, and analyzes the status and trends of existing social protection in different societies.
The report emphasizes that most social protection systems are designed for full-time workers, although in the new era there are part-time workers or gigi workers (related to online businesses) or self-employed workers who are less under the social protection system, which is the vacuum coverage of social protection has opposed. According to the OECD, about 16 percent of all workers in the world are self-employed, and more than 13 percent of all dependent workers are part-time workers who are deprived of the minimum wage-based social insurance.
The situation about self-employed workers is even worse than this group. The report also warns against an increase in informal workers and calls for increased social protection of governments to these workers through insurance systems, as many of these workers cannot afford to pay a minimum premium, and governments must take responsibility for them.
The third issue is the Global ILO Minimum Wage Report. In late November, the International Labor Organization (ILO) published an important report on wage trends worldwide. According to the report, the wage growth of workers in the world has been weak and slow. Men and women's wage differentials are still very high, that means on average about 20 percent of the difference between the wages of a male worker and a female worker in the same jobs.
The next issue is Pakistan's new government protection policy, which was introduced in November 2018. The main outline of this policy is to support financing for development, increase exports, strengthening small and medium-sized enterprises, tax reform and job creation, with the main impact of these policies on the same workers that the Council of the Economic intends to support.
The next issue is the experience of the austerity policies of the El-Sisi's government and its pressure has been on the people of Egypt. The new decision by the Egyptian government to increase the cost of the army and its effect on reducing public spending and the imposition of austerity on the people of this country is opposed in this article.
The second part of the report deals with the special case of French vest jackets. In this article, how is the formation of the vest jackets movement, the various groups involved in it, their demands, the reasons for their anger and objections, and the reasons for its political, economic and social consequences, the effect of the neoliberal reforms of the pension system on this movement and the responses and solutions of the French government will propound.
The third part of the report, dedicated to the translation of the article "The French Government's Program for the Reduction of Pensioners", by Francis Davis -an analyst of welfare and social security-which is translated by Sina Chegini. This article examines the effects of the austerity measures of the Emmanuel Macron government on the reduction of pension and trade union and yellow jackets protests.
To submit the PDF file for this report, you can go to the Social Security Research Institute website.